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Border ports recovery


Connecting border ports via roads and railways and develop air transportation into next level. 

The hard and soft infrastructure of the border ports shall be further developed, and their freight and passenger capacity and exports shall be increased.


Border ports will be fully connected by railway and paved roads, their freight and logistics competitiveness will be improved, freight traffic will be enhanced, and the conditions for turning them into a transit hub will be created.


Improvement of the management and use of Mongolia’s airspace and airways, increase in the number of transit flights, and the establishment of a freight forwarding hub by way of ensuring the gradual liberalization of air transportation and support of the tourism sector.


The trade turnover increased through the phased establishment of free economic zones and inland “dry” ports under the Concept of Regional Development of Mongolia.



Mongolia is a landlocked country with vast plains that share a 4709 km long border with China to the south and a 3543 km border with the Russian Federation to the north. However, our country’s economy is concentrated on only four ports, which creates a shortage of goods, increases prices, and negatively impacts business activities.


Three ports: Gashuun- Sukhait, Shivee-khuren, Zamiin-Uud.


Two ports: Altanbulag, Zamiin-Uud.

Shipping costs

It spends 30% of its GDP.

Problems such as product damage, loss of quality, and increased transportation costs arise due to the inadequate road and railway infrastructure connecting ports. According to World Bank research, our country spends 30% of its GDP on transportation, which is high compared to other countries.


Within the framework of the policy, a total of 6 sets of port revitalization projects have been approved. These include projects to connect railways, upgrade the railway network, build new railways, connect border crossings with paved roads, increase airports' capacity, increase border crossings' capacity, and build terminals.


Port Recovery will increase the capacity and flow of shipments and passengers, improve exports and trade turnover, and support tourism. The root conditions of becoming a “Transit country” will be demonstrated through the competitiveness of transportation and improved logistics by gradually establishing free economic zones and dry ports.

Ports capacity will be tripled




The national railway network will be doubled, and 2966 km of road connecting the port will be built

Active airports will be doubled, and 4C airports will increase to 4


Development of 4 land ports and 6 tourism ports will be established



Port recovery, and its implementation