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Border ports recovery


Connecting border ports via roads and railways and developing air transportation to next level. 

The hard and soft infrastructure of the border ports shall be further developed, increasing their freight and passenger capacity and exports.


Border ports will be fully connected by railway and paved roads, improving their freight and logistics competitiveness, enhancing freight traffic, and creating conditions for turning them into a transit hub.


Improvement of the management and use of Mongolia’s airspace and airways, an increase in the number of transit flights, and the establishment of a freight forwarding hub by ensuring the gradual liberalization of air transportation and support of the tourism sector.


The trade turnover increased through the phased establishment of free economic zones and inland “dry” ports under the Concept of Regional Development of Mongolia.



Mongolia is a landlocked country with vast plains that share a 4709 km long border with China to the south and a 3543 km border with the Russian Federation to the north. However, our country’s economy is concentrated on only four ports, which creates a shortage of goods, increases prices, and negatively impacts business activities.


Three ports: Gashuun- Sukhait, Shivee-khuren, Zamiin-Uud.


Two ports: Altanbulag, Zamiin-Uud.

Shipping costs

It spends 30% of its GDP.

Problems such as product damage, loss of quality, and increased transportation costs arise due to the inadequate road and railway infrastructure connecting ports. According to World Bank research, our country spends 30% of its GDP on transportation, which is high compared to other countries.


Within the framework of the policy, a total of six sets of port revitalization projects have been approved. These include projects to connect railways, upgrade the railway network, build new railways, connect border crossings with paved roads, increase airports' capacity, increase border crossings' capacity, and build terminals.


Port Recovery aims to enhance the capacity and flow of shipments and passengers, boost exports and trade turnover, and support tourism. The conditions necessary for becoming “Transit country” will be demonstrated through improved transportation competitiveness and logistics. This will be achieved by gradually establishing free economic zones and dry ports.

The capacity of ports will be tripled




The national railway network will be doubled, and 2966 km of roads connecting the port will be constructed

The number of active airports will be doubled, and 4C airports will increase to 4


Development of 4 land ports and 6 tourism ports will be established



Port Recovery, and its implementation